According to one group of researchers, the “mystical experience” that comes from psilocybin (or “magic”) mushrooms can now be scientifically measured and studied — something that has not been possible in years previous. This ability has been long sought after, ever since the synthesization of LSD in the 1930s, and it comes from an interest in the use of hallucinogens to treat certain mental disorders. There has not been a proper, scientific way to analyze these effects — until now.
The “mystical experience”
The so-called mystical experience that comes with using a hallucinogenic drug (such as magic mushrooms) is defined by its four characteristics: mysticism, positive mood, transcendence of time and space, and ineffability. Mysticism is described as a feeling of sacredness or unity with the things around you, while ineffability describes an experience that words cannot explain.
The researchers developed a questionnaire to establish how intense a mystical experience is. Participants were fed specific, measured amounts of psilocybin and then answered the thirty questions within this questionnaire. It asks participants to describe things such as how close to ultimate reality they are, what their current awareness level is like, and so on.
According to the scientists behind it, this questionnaire can actually help establish what the longer term effects will be of using psilocybin. For example, the more “intense” a person’s mystical experience is, the more likely they are going to have an improved feeling of wellbeing months later from the psilocybin.
Psilocybin and the brain
Of course, more research is needed before we fully understand what is behind these mystical experiences. Scientists do know, however, that brain activity decreases in the area that is thought to be associated with the ego, or the sense of self. That said, an increase in brain activity elsewhere simultaneously takes place — showing a dream-like state.
This brain activity has led to the word “psychointegrator” being used to describe certain psychedelic drugs, including psilocybin, because of the way they affect the brain. Of course, the effect varies according to what condition (psychologically speaking) your brain is in when the psilocybin is consumed. This aspect can be better understood through the questionnaire. That, in turn, could lead to a better classification and analysis of the various effects, and then could potentially be put to use to help treat certain psychological ailments.
Would you like to know about the experience and magic mushrooms and what it does to the human body? Visit the blog of Trufflemagic.com. Here you’ll find a plethora of information about this magnificent plant.
October 19, 2016 | CD_Admin
Considering how common it I for people to make mistakes about cannabis genotypes and phenotypes, this article is likely long overdue. Every grower will hit that point of confusion about growing marijuana. For example, why are the exact same strains behaving differently?
If you are a new to growing, you may blame the breeder, but before you look for a different place to get your seeds read this article. It is normal for plants to grow differently even if they come from the same strain. Each seed is its own unique being so to speak; therefore, they will produce different results. This isn’t anything to be worried about.
Breaking down phenotype, genotype, and the environment
The genotype contains all the genetic information about the plants growth, the way it will look and the various traits it will develop. The genotype can change, and nothing is guaranteed, so what you may get could vary.
The environment in which your plant is grown will influence which aspects of the genotype will develop. The phenotype is a result of the genotype and the plant’s environment.
For instance, let’s say you have the intent to grow a stain that is purple. So, you choose to grow some weed plants outdoors and the others indoors. Most likely the plants you grow outdoors will be a deeper purple color when comparing it with your plants grown indoors. Even though you bought a strain that grows purple, the environment determines exactly what you are going to get.
Dispelling the myths
So now you have a basic understand about why the environment can cause the genotype to develop different phenotypes. Surprisingly enough, however, even when grown in the consistent environment the same thing can happen.
Yes, the phenotype can be different even with no changes in the environment. This happens because each seed is completely unique. It is a misunderstanding to think that all seeds from the same strain carry the exact same genetic code.
The term phenotype is often used to explain the different ways plants grow when coming from the same strain. This is actually the genotype that people are referring to. The genotype plays just as much of a role as the environment when it comes to the phenotype.
By getting seed of one particular strain you will end up with relatives of this strain that contain a lot of genetics with literally thousands of inbred siblings, but they are not the exact same. While it may be close to identical, they will vary which is exactly why marijuana plants from seeds develop differently in terms of yield, taste, and height.
Clones and seeds
Although genetics are no guaranteed, you can use clones to grow more seeds of the ones that give you the characteristics you prefer. If you keep them in a consistent environment, the clones will copy the genotype of the mother plant 100% which will lead to the exact same phenotype each time.
by Robert Bergman, founder of ilovegrowingmarijuana.com.Robert has been growing cannabis passionately for over 20 years and shares these insights how to grow weed to help educate growers to avoid mistakes and to fully capitalize on a bud’s potential and naturally supports the liberalization of the plant.
June 23, 2016 | CD_Admin